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Type 2 diabetes is associated with elevated blood glucose levels and accounts for 85-90% of all diabetes. This occurs due to insulin resistance whereby the body does not respond to insulin appropriately.
The pancreas, which is an organ located behind the stomach produces several important hormones including insulin and glucagon. The pancreas starts to produce more insulin in an attempt to control the blood glucose levels. The cells producing insulin then start to wear out and over time there is reduced insulin production by the pancreas.
Specifically, people with obesity are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes as well as its complications.
There is evidence that weight loss procedures along with lifestyle modifications are associated with an improvement or in some cases, the reversal of type 2 diabetes.