High blood pressure ( Hypertension) refers to the pressure that blood applies to the inner walls of the arteries. The diagnosis of high blood pressure cannot be given if the patient is ill or is already on blood pressure medicines. High blood pressure is based on the average of two or more properly measured blood pressure readings at each of two or more visits after an initial screening.
How common is hypertension in patients who are overweight?
The Framingham Heart Study, a famous study for 44 years, estimated being overweight(including overweight and obesity), accounted for approximately 26 percent of cases of hypertension in men and 28 percent in women, and for approximately 23 percent of cases of coronary heart disease in men and 15 percent in women.
Can weight loss help?
Weight-loss can lead to a significant drop in blood pressure. One study showed that a 10% weight-loss produced an average of a 4.3/3.8 mmHg fall in blood pressure. This may permit a decrease in the number of medications taken or decrease the amount of medication taken. Prevention would be better than any drug.